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7 medicines contraindicated in children

7 medicines contraindicated in children



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Certain groups of medicines can become extremely dangerous if they are given to children and especially to newborns and infants. Due to the metabolic and physiological particularities of the young child, adverse drug reactions occur more frequently than in adults, being more severe and often toxic in nature.
The young child is much more likely to develop severe severe reactions to certain medicines, due to the immaturity of the metabolism (in the liver) and purification (most toxic substances, the useless of the body is eliminated through the kidneys) of the drug substances.
The administration of any medicine, especially in children younger than 6 months, presents certain risks, which is why the advice and recommendations of the pediatric doctor are essential, in order to avoid serious or even lethal complications.
One of the most commonly used medicines for its antipyretic (lowers fever) and analgesic (lowers pain) effect is acetaminophen (paracetamol). It can usually be administered without problems, provided the administration doses (20 milligrams per kilogram body per day) are met.
Of the drugs contraindicated in the young child, we mention the most important and potentially dangerous:
Aspirin
Aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid is a medicine commonly used in the treatment of adults. Its antipyretic effects (decrease fever), anti-aggregates (decreases blood coagulability and prevents the formation of vessels at the level of the vessels) and anti-inflammatory, made of this drug, one of the most used in the treatment of fever, inflammation or heart disease.
Aspirin given to your child may cause several side effects. One of the rarest, but also the most serious (potentially lethal) is Reye syndrome. This condition has been associated with the administration of acetylsalicylic acid and is serious because it affects the liver, kidneys and central nervous system.
Symptoms of the disease include vomiting, recurrent seizures and hypoglycemia (decreased blood sugar). There is no specific treatment for the disease, the mortality being very high, over 50%!
The mother should always read carefully the labels of the medicines she wants to administer to the child. Many solutions, syrups, powders or effervescent tablets, especially those combined with paracetamol, used to treat the symptoms of colds, may also contain acetylsalicylic acid!
Antiemetic medication (against vomiting)
Anti-emetic drugs should only be given to young children only under strict supervision and recommendation of the pediatric doctor. Vomiting is quite common in children and in most cases is benign, transient and thus does not require any symptomatic treatment.
The management of vomiting associated or secondary to serious illnesses, however, may include the administration of anti-emetic medication, but under the strict supervision of the treating physician.
Antiemetic drugs can cause serious side effects and even intoxication. Symptoms most commonly associated with their administration are seizures and coma. We should also mention that antiemetics are not recommended in all types of vomiting and in some cases can even aggravate the initial disease.
Medications for adults
Drugs that are given in adult patients are contraindicated in children because they contain therapeutic doses that are too high. Drug companies have products specially created for children (pediatric use).
Taking too large doses of the drug does not have a therapeutic but toxic effect, sometimes leading to serious adverse reactions and even the death of the child.
Empirical or prescribed drug treatments for other people
Many times mothers try to treat their children alone, without consulting a pediatric specialist. In other cases, mothers give children prescribed medicines to other people in the family (especially to other children in the family).
This is not recommended because a certain symptom may be common to several disorders and is thus treated differently from person to person.
Medicines expired
Whenever a drug is given, the mother should be careful about the expiration date because a drug in this category can have undesirable effects on the health of the child.
An expired drug no longer has the expected therapeutic effect and can sometimes cause harmful side effects (allergic reactions, intoxication). Expired medicines should not be stored indoors and an efficient way to dispose of them should never be found (never in the toilet or sink because they can contaminate drinking water when reused after purification).
Acetaminophen overdose
Acetaminophen (paracetamol) is a commonly used drug in pediatrics and can cause undesirable true reactions if used inappropriately (overdose).
If given in doses too high (more than 20 milligrams per kilogram body per day), it can cause serious toxic effects. Paracetamol intoxication is quite difficult to recognize and is characterized by the appearance of symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, followed by liver and kidney failure, which can be remedied with the discontinuation of acetaminophen administration and the establishment of appropriate therapeutic behavior.
Chewable tablets
Chewing pills are not recommended for young children who can easily drown or choke with them. Their administration should be done with increased attention, it is recommended to weigh the tablet and introduce it into the baby's food. Pediatric medicines have many forms of presentation, the most commonly used being syrups, suppositories, tablets, effervescent and ointments.