Staphylococcus in infants
- What to do? For 2 days I learned that my little girl of almost 9 months has staphylococcus. I found in his ear a swelling I think with pus. Please give me some advice! at the moment the doctor gave me to give him at 12 hours an injection with gentamicin! Today I noticed some small red spots on her tummy. I do not know if it is irritation or something else!Answer:
Staphylococci are a type of bacteria, very widespread and that can cause a very wide range of infections, of different severity: from common skin infections to serious forms such as septicemia and meningitis, which can endanger the patient's life.
Within this genus, there have been observed over 20 species of staphylococci, the most commonly involved in human infections are: Staphylococcus aureus (golden) and Staphylococcus epidermitis (white) and Staphylococcus saprophyticus (citrin).
While Staphylococcus epidermitis most commonly infects people with valvular prostheses or carriers of various grafts and Staphylococcus saprophyticus causes infections of the genital urinary tract in adults, Golden Staphylococcus infects all age groups and can cause infections with almost any localization in the body.
Staphylococcus aureus (golden) is normally found on the skin and mucous membranes of humans and other mammals or birds, and is found in the nasal mucosa in approximately 30% of healthy people.
These people are called healthy carriers of Staphylococcus aureus and although they do not have the disease they can transmit the bacteria to other people. The bacterium can survive for a long time on dry surfaces, being destroyed under the action of alcohol after 10 minutes.
The transmission can be done directly from one person to another or through contaminated objects (towels, linen). Usually infections caused by staphylococcus aureus are purulent infections, with various locations.
At the level of the skin it can manifest in the form of: acne, furuncle, folliculitis, orchid, over-infection of wounds. The infection of the subcutaneous tissue causes: abscesses, hydrosadenitis (infection of the sweat glands), mastitis.
In the airway and in the ENT sphere, rhinitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, otitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, etc. Bone infections can also occur: arthritis, osteomyelitis and even generalized infections: meningitis, septicemia, endocarditis, food poisoning, toxic shock syndrome, damaged skin syndrome.
As in recent years there has been an increase in the resistance of staphylococci to antibiotics, more and more in the last period the treatment of staphylococcal infections is done according to the results of the antibiogram.
So my advice is to follow the treatment recommended by the attending doctor and to keep in touch with it, for a correct and complete treatment of the infection and to follow the evolution of the infection under antibiotic therapy and to indicate any possible adverse effects thereof.
This is all the more so as you indicate the appearance of an eruption in the abdominal skin; this eruption may mean a spread of staph infection, a secondary reaction to the antibiotic, or may not be related to the infection and current treatment.