Common dental disorders in pregnancy

Common dental disorders in pregnancy

If your pregnancy has caught you by surprise and you have not yet developed oral hygiene, find out that hormonal changes during pregnancy will contribute to the aggravation of the dental problems you have neglected.

In the midst of these changes you can fight the discomfort caused by a simple gum or worse, with uncomfortable gum tumors that can surprise you.

The health of the tooth should be developed before pregnancy, and during its time only monitored. This way, you will avoid the production of painful and complicated dental conditions that can give you headaches.

Gingival bleeding in pregnancy

They are not considered a pregnancy disorder, but rather a natural symptom of the pregnancy.

Following hormonal changes throughout the body, the gums become more sensitive and can often bleed.

Gums bleeding during pregnancy should be followed closely and the usual rules of oral care should not be avoided: proper brushing and use of dental floss ... Even though brushing can be painful, it can help you avoid serious dental conditions. Neglected gingival bleeding is a first step in the onset of dental diseases.

Pregnancy gingiva

It is one of the common disorders that have arisen during pregnancy. Almost half of pregnant women develop this disease. If the gingival bleeding that occurs during pregnancy is associated with swelling, redness and generalized inflammation of the gums, then it becomes a disease called gingivitis of pregnancy.

Periodontal disease

Periodontal disease in pregnancy is actually a complication arising from an ignored or untreated gingiva.

Acute and constant inflammation of the gums in time causes the destruction of the fibers and bones that hold the teeth in the dental alveoli. This disease can sometimes go unnoticed because it does not show symptoms in many cases. When they appear, they manifest themselves as follows:

  • gingival bleeding;

  • inflammation of the gums;

  • bad breath;

  • soft and sensitive gums;

  • teeth fall;

  • infection.

Periodontal disease presents a real risk for pregnancy, because it is associated with premature birth and low birth weight of the baby.

Pyogenic granuloma

This is actually a gingival tumor that appears on the background of gingivitis and periodontal disease in the pregnant woman. These tumor formations are benign and localized to the gums and manifest themselves quite severely sometimes creating real discomfort:

  • dysphagia;

  • weight when speaking;

  • pain;

  • redness, swelling and bleeding of the gums;

  • tumor volume increase.

How is it treated?

In some situations there is a chance that they will disappear immediately after the woman is born. There is also the possibility that they may be broken and removed after brushing.

If there is no improvement in their condition, but on the contrary, the symptoms are more pronounced, it is recommended to remove their surgeon to the dentist.

Dental decay

It may happen that during pregnancy, the caries appear or aggravate some already existing before pregnancy. Most pregnant women consider dental treatments to be dangerous to the baby and postpone the time of treating caries or other conditions after birth.

What they do is very wrong, because there are very few dental treatments contraindicated in pregnancy, and regular visit to the dentist is essential, avoiding the burden of dangers that can affect the fetus.

Most of the times, caries become painful, creating a discomfort that is hard to bear. They also appear against the backdrop of hygiene hampered by the sensitivity of the gums during pregnancy. When the woman shows pain and bleeding gums, the brushing is no longer performed correctly, and the tartar is deposited on the teeth, causing the appearance of caries.

These can be treated throughout the pregnancy. Local anesthesia used in such cases does not endanger the pregnancy. Only dental x-rays are forbidden during this period (because they expose the pregnant woman to the rays).

How can you protect yourself from dental disorders during pregnancy?

  • develop your dental hygiene before you become pregnant;

  • constantly visits the dentist throughout the pregnancy (in this way you will treat any complications in a timely manner, and your pregnancy and health will be out of danger;

  • brush your teeth correctly even if a gingival discomfort may occur (a soft brush diminishes from the impact of the brush on the gum);

  • brush your teeth at least twice a day, and when you do not have the opportunity to use chewing gum to remove debris and bacteria (especially after meals);

  • constantly uses dental floss (this cleans best the spaces between the teeth);

  • avoid excessive consumption of sweets in pregnancy.

Tags Stomatological disorders pregnancy Oral hygiene pregnancy