Milk supplement for babies

Milk supplement for babies

The baby milk supplement should be taken into account when you do not have lactation or it is diminished and does not provide a sufficient amount of baby food, from the first 6 months of life, until the beginning of the diversification of the diet.

Find out which are the categories of newborns and babies who most often need extra feeding with milk formulas, but also in what other situations it is necessary to complete breastfeeding with powdered milk!

The supplement is a bottle of powdered or breast milk that the baby receives during a meal when you are not available to breastfeed or your lactation is insufficient to meet his nutritional needs. Although many people believe that the milk supplement consists only of artificial formulas, the specialists claim that it can be represented by refrigerated or stored long-term breast milk.

Babies and newborns who need milk supplements

Babies born prematurely (before 37 weeks) and low birth weight are those who need milk supplements, as they do not have the well-developed sucking reflex and swallow harder. At first, they will receive milk supplements intravenously, then by gavage (inserting probes through the nose or mouth, up to the stomach), because only after they gain weight they receive the bottle and become accustomed to the breast.

Even babies born at term can have difficulty sucking on the mother's breast. They will need to be fed with the syringe or pipette. However, perfectly healthy newborns should be used as soon as possible after birth with the mother's breast, through appropriate positions and stimulation techniques, so that no difficulties may occur later in breastfeeding.

There are also some disorders of newborns that make it necessary to supplement breast milk with milk formulas:

  • low blood sugar;
  • dehydration;
  • weight loss;
  • severe jaundice.

Signs that the baby is not getting enough milk during breastfeeding

If you have lactation, but it seems to you that your baby is not saturated with breast milk, there are some signs that may require supplementation of milk formula:

  • the newborn loses more than 10% of weight after the first 5 days after birth (a decrease of 3% up to a maximum of 10% of the initial weight is considered normal);
  • notice a steady decrease in weight as you grow older - if in the first week after birth it is normal for your weight to drop slightly, after this time the child should gain weight constantly;
  • your breasts are not soft and do not appear empty after a breastfeeding session (it could indicate that the baby is not sucking enough and receives less milk than he needs);
  • wet or soil less than 6 diapers in 24 hours, after the 5th day after birth;
  • is lethargic and seems anemic most of the time.

How do you choose the right milk supplement for your baby?

The choice of milk formula as a supplement in the nutrition of the newborn or baby depends on the health and its medical features. There are a lot of products on the market, with different compositions and concentrations of vitamins and minerals, among the most common being:

Special fortified formulas for premature

The baby born before term, who is not able to suckle the mother's breast, will need a milk formula fortified with:

  • extracalorii;
  • vitamins;
  • protein;
  • minerals.

There are also "hypoallergenic" milk formulas on the market, specially designed for newborns or babies with allergies to milk proteins. They are intensely hydrolyzed or amino acid based.

In no case should you consider cow's milk as a supplement to the baby's diet. Besides being poor in the nutrients the child needs, it contains proteins and minerals that the digestive system of the child under 1 year cannot digest. They cannot be absorbed into the body either.

Cow milk can be introduced as a supplement only after the age of 1 year.

The main vitamins and minerals in milk supplements

Regardless of the type of milk you choose as a supplement or as recommended by your doctor, it is important to read the label of ingredients and make sure that the composition of the formula does not lack the most important vitamins and minerals for proper child growth. :

  • Calcium
  • fats
  • Folic acid
  • Iron
  • protein
  • carbohydrates
  • Zinc
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B12
  • C vitamin
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin K

Most baby milk products try to imitate as much as possible the content and taste of breast milk, so that it can be tolerated faster and easier for the baby, but also provide the necessary nutrients for growth and development.

When can you introduce milk supplement?

Combining breast milk with milk formulas is a personal decision, which is up to the mothers. Doctors recommend that in the first 6 months, the baby should be exclusively breastfed, if lactation allows mothers, because breast milk provides the body with nutrients and antibodies that are not found in milk formulas.

Lactation consultants advise mothers who want to alternate breastfeeding with powdered milk tables that, in the absence of medical reasons that might require supplements, to wait until the child is at least 1 month old.

By breastfeeding immediately after birth and around the age of 1 month, lactation is stimulated and avoids the situation where the mother could remain completely without milk. Even if you introduce into your baby's diet the powdered milk bottle, it is recommended that breastfeeding remain the main form of food in the baby's daily menu.

Did your baby need milk supplements? When did you start alternating milk powder tables with breastfeeding and why? What powdered milk formula do you use for your baby and how did you choose it? Tell us your opinions in the comments section below!

Tags Baby formula baby milk Breastfeeding babies