THDA (hyperkinetic attention deficit disorder)
THDA, the hyperkinetic disorder of attention deficit, manifests in children through problems with attention and concentration and difficulties in performing a task. Untreated, this disorder can influence social or professional functioning and in adults. Also known as ADHD, attention deficit hyperkinetic disorder can be overcome with medication treatment, accompanied by behavioral therapy.
Causes and risk factors for THDA
The widely accepted hypothesis by the scientific community identifies genetic causes for THDA. The disorder is a neurobiological disorder, which causes observable changes in the brain.
Some hypotheses make a link between the risk of developing THDA and the consumption of alcoholic beverages, cigarettes, drugs or other neurotoxic substances during pregnancy.
Another long-held hypothesis that linked high sugar and food additives and THDA was abandoned after several studies showed that sugar restrictions only improve symptoms in 5% of children suffering from it. of this disorder.
Symptoms of THDA
Hyperkinetic attention deficit disorder can be recognized by three basic symptoms, which can be hidden by the behavior specific to the preschool age:
- attention and concentration problems;
The symptoms become visible with the start of school, because this environment requires the undeveloped abilities of children with THDA.
Low grades on aptitude tests, poor student organization and planning, and socializing issues are other indications that your little one may suffer from this disorder. Often a consequence of school problems is the negative self-image.
Problems can worsen during adolescence, especially with the change of school. Finishing high school and starting high school can be a difficult time for many teenagers, but those suffering from THDA will be the most affected.
Diagnosis and treatment of THDA
The doctors who can diagnose THDA are family, pediatricians, but also psychiatrists or neurologists. The difficult temperament of the child may cause parents to seek the help of a specialist, but the diagnosis will be made and supported with treatment only after more consultations. Anxiety disorders and affective disorders are often additional cues used in the diagnosis process by specialists.
Treatment consists of amphetamine-based central nervous system stimuli. These lead to a decrease in symptoms in about 70% of cases. Another treatment option is non-stimulant (Atomoxetine) in case of adverse effects in the primary medication.
Medications may be prescribed after the age of 3, but many doctors recommend delaying the time until schooling, because the side effects of the treatment may be unpleasant for young children. If the symptoms are very pronounced, however, treatment can improve the quality of life of the child and parents.
However, the greatest chances of success in overcoming THDA are children who combine drug treatment with behavioral therapy, which can be applied by parents and teachers.
Tags Child diseases Child behavior problems Children behavioral disorders ADD / ADHD