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Hormone replacement therapy and fertility

Hormone replacement therapy and fertility


Hormone replacement therapy is used for hormonal imbalances, both in men and women. Hormonal changes from menopause and termination of fertility should not become a nightmare in your life. Hormonal treatment improves the quality of life when you face problems from hormonal changes, but also presents some risks.

What happens during therapy?

Hormone replacement therapy is a treatment method by which synthetic hormones are provided to the body to prevent or cure certain medical problems.
The specialists create synthetic, artificial hormones in the laboratory with the role of replacing those in the body under certain conditions - for example in menopause, when the body can no longer produce certain hormones. It is a hormonal treatment that comes to correct the low levels of hormones in the body.
The treatment is tailored to the needs of each individual. There is no single formula for treating or preventing a disease, but it depends on your needs. Each condition involves the use of certain combinations, dosages or types of hormones.

What are the benefits of hormone therapy?

The most important role of hormone replacement therapy is to combat the unpleasant symptoms of menopause. It is the period when your fertility ends and you can no longer have children. At this time of life a lot of hormonal changes occur. Synthetic hormones that act like the natural ones are used to diminish their effects. When you are menopausal you are advised to use estrogen and progestin (a synthetic progesterone) therapy.
When the treatment is given long term, it may also have prophylactic effects. You can gain lasting protection against diseases such as:

  • osteoporosis (loss of bone density is specific to menopause);
  • colorectal cancer;
  • heart disease (estrogen therapy appears to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease).

The most important benefit of hormone therapy, however, is the improvement or prevention of menopausal symptoms. It manages to stop blisters, lubricate the dry vagina, diminish emotional states such as sadness, depression, anxiety or irritability and prevent migraines.


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What are the risks and side effects of hormone replacement therapy?

The artificial administration of hormones in the body does not remain devoid of health risks. When used for long-term therapy, various problems may result with increased risk of breast cancer and blood clots. If you are one of the people at risk for breast cancer or blood clots, then careful medical supervision is extremely important throughout the treatment.
Any kind of therapy that involves drugs has side effects. Doctors found a slight increase in the incidence of strokes in the case of prolonged estrogen administration.
Side effects of hormone therapy may also involve headache, nausea or breast tenderness. You may also experience bloating due to water retention and other less pleasant symptoms. But they diminish or disappear when the right dose is found for your body's needs.

Tags Female hormonal changes