In detail

Gingivitis in children

Gingivitis in children


Gingivitis is a disease more common in adults than in children, but even the little ones are not exempted from the uncomfortable symptoms of this condition: inflamed, painful gums that bleed on brushing.

Because gingivitis is considered the first stage of periodontal disease, an evolutionary disease that leads, in time, to tooth loss, early diagnosis and proper treatment is essential for the oral health of children.

Gingivitis is a disease caused by the accumulation of bacterial plaque on the teeth and gums. These are invisible layers of germs or bacteria that naturally form on and around the teeth and, if not properly removed by dental brushing and occasional scaling, produce toxins that irritate and damage the gingival tissue, causing infection and inflammation. .

Causes

Gum disease can occur at any age and is influenced by several risk factors, associated with both oral hygiene and genetics:

  • incorrect or insufficient brushing of the teeth;
  • untreated oral infections;
  • nutritional deficiencies (iron, folic acid and other vitamins in complex B);
  • the habit of breathing in the mouth;
  • hormonal changes (in the case of children, changes occurring at the age of puberty);
  • some medicines (antiepileptic, immunosuppressive treatments, etc.);
  • certain diseases (hemophilia, aplastic anemia, leukemia, congenital heart disease, Down syndrome, cerebral palsy, autism spectrum disorders, etc.).

The specialists point out that genetics play an essential role in the child's predisposition to gingivitis and, later, to periodontosis. If there are cases of gingivitis and periodontosis in the family, it is important to increase the frequency of dental examinations and the attention given to the oral hygiene of the child.

Symptoms

According to the specialists, there are some clear signs that indicate gingivitis in children:

  • inflammation and redness of the gums;
  • bleeding gums;
  • halitosis (bad breath);
  • gingival retraction (marginal tissue recession).

Treatment

The detection of the cause is essential for the adoption of the appropriate therapeutic scheme. The visit to a periodontist, a specialist in periodontics, is essential for the correct diagnosis of the condition and the prescription of the appropriate treatment.

After the above and subgingival descaling, for the removal of tartar, and the application of a professional brushing, the doctor will investigate the condition of the gums and the severity of the condition and will prescribe:

  • antibiotics (if the infection is activated) or anti-inflammatory - in the case of mild infections, topical antibiotic ointments with local application are used;
  • fluoridation of the teeth, to prevent the subsequent deposition of tartar;
  • laser disinfection in the case of advanced infectious gingivitis.

Prevention

The best treatment for gum disease remains prevention. Therefore, the correct brushing of the teeth, the use of dental floss, mouthwash and regular visits to the stomalotog as the simplest and handy methods of gingivitis prevention are recommended.

In the case of children, it is important to choose non-alcoholic mouth water, according to their age. Also, nutrition plays an essential role in the prevention of gingivitis in children. Decreased intake of foods with high sugar content and increased intake of foods rich in vitamins and minerals that strengthen the teeth and cleanse the gums are one of the best prophylactic measures.

Eating rich in fresh fruits and vegetables is essential for the health of the gums. They are part of the food category that stimulates saliva secretion, essential for cleaning teeth and fighting tartar.

Choose a fluoride toothpaste for your child, appropriate to his or her age (prevents tartar deposits on the teeth), but also a soft brush to prevent irritation of the gums during tooth cleaning.

You can opt for treating such problems with a product obtained entirely from natural substances. Is about Dologel, a gingival gel that contains natural active substances and is intended to relieve the symptoms caused by the appearance of teething in infants and young children, but also to treat gingivitis and to relieve gingival pain.

Valerian, propolis and chamomile help restore the oral health of your child without any risk of allergies. Although the taste is pleasant, Dologel does not contain sugar or menthol.

Did you make sure your baby has healthy gums? Have you noticed traces of blood after brushing or have you ever cried for pain? Tell us how you make sure the little one has a healthy tooth and what are the best ways to prevent gingivitis, in the comment section below!

Tags Oral hygiene for children Teeth for children Healthy teeth for children