Molluscum contagiosum in children

Molluscum contagiosum in children

Molluscum contagiosum is an infection of the skin, which manifests itself in the form of small protrusions of skin color or pink, which appear on the skin of infected children. Following infection with molluscum contagiosum, the skin begins to produce small benign tumors, caused by this virus in the family Poxviridae.

While in adults molluscum contagiosum is considered a sexually transmitted infection, children can be infected by reaching a prominent skin, used by the virus for reproduction.


Prominence generally occurs in children in the trunk, face and arms and spreads much faster than in adults. Small benign tumors may appear singly or in groups, may have skin color or may be pink or bricks. The center is usually shaded, and the diameter varies between 3 and 5 mm.
They can also be found in the genital area of ​​children even if the transmission has not taken place sexually, because children can be infected all over the body by scratching.
As the body immediately begins to fight the virus, the protrusions can become inflamed and red. Often, eczema develops around the protrusions caused by molluscum contagiosum. The protrusions and the surrounding areas can cause severe itching sensations.
In the case of children affected by the HIV virus or suffering from other conditions that depress the immune system, the protrusions may be larger, and the symptoms may become really severe.

Transmission of molluscum contagiosum

The most commonly observed incubation period varies between two and seven weeks, but in some cases the time from contact with the virus to the first symptoms can take up to six months.
Infected children are contagious only until the prominence disappears. If the disease is not treated, a healthy body can fight the virus for up to six months or even longer until complete healing.
Molluscum contagiosum is most commonly found in children under the age of 15, but up to 80% of those infected are children between the ages of 1 and 4 years.

Precautionary measures and complications

In order to prevent the transmission of molluscum contagiosum to healthy persons, you must take some protective measures:

  • activities that involve close contact with others, including contact sports, should be avoided;
  • the use of the same towel with the infected baby is not recommended;
  • the use of swimming pools or public showers is not recommended;
  • skin scratching is contraindicated.

It is advisable for parents to wash their hands thoroughly with soap and water after touching the protrusions on the child's body and to maintain a strict hygiene until the child is completely healed.
Complications can sometimes occur in the form of lesion infection, most commonly seen in children suffering from atopic dermatitis. Complications may also concern the eye area, in the event of protrusions around the eyes. These can predispose the infected child to diseases such as keratitis and conjunctivitis.

Molluscum contagiosum treatment

The treatment is done locally, by destroying the protrusions by resection with a curette, by freezing (application of liquid nitrogen) or by laser therapy. However, recurrences can be common, and the child will not develop permanent immunity and may be infected again by the virus if exposed to another infected person.
Doctors recommend treating each protrusion precisely to prevent transmission to other areas of the body or transmission of the virus to healthy people. But the treatment can leave scars. The protrusions may disappear, however, as a result of the body's immune response, but it may exceed a year in some cases.

Homeopathic treatment is an extremely viable alternative for Molluscum contagiosum infection: Thuja occidentalis it can lead to stopping the appearance of lesions and healing those that have already appeared. A consultation with a homeopathic doctor can shorten the period of disease progression and prevent recurrence.

Some specialists may also recommend oral medication or skin ointments, but the use of corticosteroid ointments is not recommended until the prominent disappearance.
However, the molluscum contagiosum virus does not remain in the body like viruses that cause hepatitis or herpes. With the complete disappearance of the symptoms, the child can be considered cured.

Tags Molluscum contagiosum Virus Skin conditions